5 Different Kinds of Psoriasis

The skin condition known as psoriasis occurs from an autoimmune dysfunction that results in the excessive growth of epidermal cells into dry, scaly patches of red skin. While the cause is not completely understood, it is known that psoriasis is related to deficiencies in gene interaction with the immune system. Some of the triggers that cause an outbreak of psoriasis include certain medications, infections, excessive emotional stress or other trauma.

5 different kinds of psoriasis include:

  • Plaque—This is the most common kind of psoriasis which causes dry patches of dead skin that are raised and red in color. They usually appear on the knees, elbows, scalp, and lower back.
  • Erythrodermic—This is the most severe type and occurs in only four percent of cases. The painful and itchy rash becomes widespread rapidly, and can be life-threatening requiring immediate medical intervention.
  • Inverse—This form is characterized by very smooth, shiny, red lesions that develop on skin folds under the arm, in the groin region, or behind a knee.
  • Pustular—This kind forms white blisters that typically appear on the hands and feet. The blisters are filled with white blood cells and are noninfectious.
  • Guttate—This causes tiny, red dots and is most often seen in children and adolescents.

Treatments for psoriasis depend on the severity and can include topical creams and medications, shampoos, light therapy, and oral medications.

If you need help treating psoriasis contact your skin care professional. Dr. Juan Vaillant of Old Bridge Dermatology has been treating patients for hair, skin, and nail problems for over 30 years, and has the extensive background needed to help address a variety of dermatological issues. Dr. Vaillant has successfully treated acne, eczema, dandruff, hair loss, psoriasis, and nail fungus. If you are looking for an amiable, highly skilled dermatologist, call our office in Old Bridge, NJ at (732) 679-0222 and make an appointment.